Women's Army Corps (WAC)

(inglés: "Cuerpo femenino del ejército) Unidad del ejército estadounidense.

Fue creado por el congreso como Cuerpo auxiliar femenino del ejército, con el fin de reclutar a mujeres para servicios auxiliares no bélicos en la segunda guerra mundial. Su primera jefa fue Oveta C. Hobby. En 1945 ya cerca de 150.000 mujeres habían prestado servicios. Ellas reemplazaron a miles de hombres en labores de oficina, y muchas ocuparon cargos no tradicionales, como los de operador de radio, electricista y controlador de tráfico aéreo. Terminada la guerra, el gobierno pidió que las ex auxiliares femeninas se reintegraran al ejército para satisfacer las necesidades de personal en los hospitales militares y centros administrativos del ejército. Con la promulgación de la ley de integración de los servicios armados femeninos, de 1948, el WAC se convirtió en parte del ejército regular. Se mantuvo como unidad aparte del ejército de EE.UU. hasta 1978, año en que las fuerzas masculinas y femeninas se integraron.

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • Women's Army Corps (WAC) — U.S. Army unit. It was established (as the Women s Auxiliary Army Corps) by Congress to enlist women for auxiliary noncombat duty in World War II. Its first head was Oveta C. Hobby. By 1945 nearly 150,000 women had served. Women relieved… …   Universalium

  • Women's Army Corps — WAC Air Controller de Dan V. Smith, 1943. Le Women’s Army Corps (WAC) était la branche féminine de l armée américaine pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Créée à l origine comme une unité auxiliaire, le Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC), le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Women's Army Corps — (WAC) military unit formed in the United States during WWII to give women the opportunity to serve the war effort in non combat positions …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Women's Army Corps (United States Army) — The Women s Army Corps (WAC) was the women s branch of the US Army. It was created as an auxiliary unit, the Women s Army Auxiliary Corps in 1942, and converted to full status as the WAC in 1943. Its first director was Oveta Culp Hobby, at the… …   Wikipedia

  • Women's Army Corps —       U.S. Army unit created during World War II to enable women to serve in noncombat positions. Never before had women, with the exception of nurses, served within the ranks of the U.S. Army. With the establishment of the WACs, more than… …   Universalium

  • Women's Army Corps — noun an army corps that was organized in World War II but is no longer a separate branch of the United States Army • Syn: ↑WAC • Hypernyms: ↑corps, ↑army corps …   Useful english dictionary

  • Women’s Army Corps — ➡ Wac. * * * …   Universalium

  • (the) Women's Army Corps — the Women’s Army Corps [the Womens Army Corps] ; » ↑Wac …   Useful english dictionary

  • Women's Army Auxiliary Corps — The Women s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) can refer to:* A branch of the British military that permitted women to serve in non combat positions in the First World War. See Women s Army Auxiliary Corps (Britain).* A branch of the U.S. military that… …   Wikipedia

  • army corps — noun an army unit usually consisting of two or more divisions and their support • Syn: ↑corps • Hypernyms: ↑army unit • Hyponyms: ↑Women s Army Corps, ↑WAC, ↑Reserve Officers Training Corps, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

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